Table 1.

Review of subduction complex unit names and interpretations in the literature

This studyXiazha Formation
Accreted Jurassic forearc
Bainang terrane
Subduction complex
Siliciclastic-matrix mélange
Subduction complex
Rongmawa and Luogangcuo formations
Trench fill
Tethyan Himalaya
Indian passive margin
Wang et al. (2018)NMBainang terrane
Subduction complex
Stage 1 (≤149–134 Ma)
Subduction complex
Stage 2 (≤87–78 Ma)
Subduction complex
Rongmawa Formation
Trench fill
Tethyan Himalaya
Indian passive margin
An et al. (2018)Xiukang mélange
Subduction complex
Rongmawa and Luogangcuo formations
Trench fill
Tethyan Himalaya
Indian passive margin
Metcalf & Kapp (2017)Bainang
NI
Siliciclastic-matrix mélange
Subduction complex
NMTethyan Himalaya
Indian passive margin
An et al. (2017)Xiukang mélange
Subduction complex
NMTethyan Himalaya
Indian passive margin
H.-Q. Wang et al. (2017)Sedimentary-matrix mélange
Subduction complex
NMTethyan Himalayan sequences
Indian passive margin
Li et al. (2015b)NM
NI
Renbu mélange
Subduction complex
NMTethyan Himalaya
Indian passive margin
Cai et al. (2012)Tangga mélange
Subduction complex
Pomunong mélange
Subduction complex
Upper Rongmawa Formation
Trench fill
Northern Tethyan Himalaya
Indian passive margin
Aitchison et al. (2011)Bainang terrane
Subduction complex
Distal Tethyan Himalayan belt
Indian passive margin
Guilmette et al. (2008)Yamdrock mélange
Subduction complex
NMIndian plate sediments
Indian passive margin
Dupuis et al. (2005a, b, 2006)Yamdrock mélange
Subduction complex
NMTriassic flysch
Indian passive margin
Northern Tethyan sediments
Indian passive margin
Aitchison et al. (2003); Aitchison & Davis (2004); Ziabrev et al. (2004)Bainang terrane
Subduction complex
Yamdrok mélange
Indian passive margin and minor seamounts
Indian terrane
Indian passive margin
Matsuoka et al. (2001, 2002)Xialu chert
Accreted ocean plate stratigraphy
Tectonic mélange (2001)
NI
NMFlysch-like sediments (2002)
NI
Tethys Himalaya
Indian passive margin
Liu (2001); Liu & Aitchison (2002)Bainang terrane
Subduction complex
Yamdrok mélange
Indian passive margin and minor seamounts
Indian terrane
Indian passive margin
Aitchison et al. (2000)Bainang terrane
Subduction complex
Yamdrok mélange
Indian passive margin
Indian terrane
Indian passive margin
Liu & Einsele (1996)Jurassic–Cretaceous oceanic sediments in Figure 2
NI
Tectonic mélange/Cretaceous chaotic sediments Figure 2
Accretionary prism
NMTriassic rift clastics
Indian passive margin
Tethyan shelf
Indian passive margin
Wu (1993)Xialu chert
Deposited in deep ocean
NM
NI
NMFlysch-like sediments
Indian passive margin
NM
NI
Searle et al. (1987)NM
NI
Yamdrock mélange
Possible subduction complex
NMMesozoic flysch
Indian passive margin
Burg & Chen (1984); Burg et al. (1987)Infra-ophiolitic thrust sheets of radiolarites/infra-ophiolitic sole
NI
Wildflysch with exotic blocks
Indian passive margin
NMTriassic–Liassic turbiditic flysch
Indian passive margin
North Tethyan Himalaya
Indian passive margin
Girardeau et al. (1984)Upper Jurassic–Lower Cretaceous red radiolarites
Metamorphic sole
Wildflysch
NI
NMTriassic flysch
Indian passive margin
Himalayan sediments
Indian passive margin
Tapponnier et al. (1981)Deformed cherts and pelagic slates
Possible subduction complex
Upper Cretaceous wildflysch or mélange
Possible subduction complex
NMTriassic flysch
Indian passive margin
Indian shelf sediments
Indian passive margin
Shackleton (1981)Jurassic(?)–Cretaceous radiolarite slices
Subduction complex
Sedimentary mélange
Possible subduction complex
Tethys Himalayan belt
Indian passive margin
Bally et al. (1980)Xialu section
Part of ophiolite
Mélange formations
Possible subduction complex, dismembered thrust complex or olistoliths
Himalayan Tethys sediments
Indian passive margin
  • Names in bold include the siliciclastic-matrix mélange as defined in this study.

  • NM, no mention; NI, no interpretation.