Table 1.

Main scaling parameters of the analogue models

ParameterSymbolUnitModelPrototypeScaling factor
Lengthl(m)0.01100010−5
Gravityg(m s−2)9.819.811
Density overburdenρo(kg m−3)140025000.56
Density (ductile layer)ρd(kg m−3)965*2200*0.44
Viscosity (at 24°C)η(Pa s)5 × 104*†1019*5 × 10−15
  • *Values based on Weijermars et al. (1993).

  • Values based on Weijermars (1986).