Table 2.

Palaeo-mollusc species in the studied sites and their common habitat

Taxon, speciesGeneral distribution*Depth (m)/habitatSites on Cyprus coast
Haliotis tuberculata lamellosaMed.1–30/R5
Diodora italicaMed.0–2/R4, 7, 14, 16, 21
Diodora gibberulaMed. & E. A.0–2/R2, 5, 6
Fissurella nubeculaMed & NW Af.0–2/R5, 13
Patella caeruleaMed.0–1/R8, 10, 22
Calliostoma laugieriMed.5–60/AMS2
Clanculus corallinusMed.5–230/R2, 4, 5, 6, 14, 16
Clelandella miliarisMed & E. A.35–800/MS4
Forskalena fanulumMed. & S. Po.1–15/A14
Gibbula adansoniiMed.1–4/A15
Gibbula albidaMed.1–20/AS2, 4, 5, 14
Gibbula ardensMed.1–20/A4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 14
Gibbula guttadauriMed.4–15/AS4, 14
Gibbula magusMed. & E. A.8–70/M2
Gibbula variaMed.1–4/R16
Jujubinus exasperatusMed. & E. A.1–18/A6, 9, 14
Jujubinus striatusMed. & E. A.3–200/AR2, 4, 15
Phorcus turbinatusMed.0–1/R6, 18, 22
Bolma rugosaMed. & E. A.4–50/R5, 11, 14, 16, 19
Tricolia pullusMed. & E. A.1–35/A2, 4, 5, 14
Tricolia tenuisMed.1–20/A2, 4, 5, 14
Circulus striatusMed. & E. A.1–30/A2
Bittium jadertinumMed. & E. A.2–10/AR2, 5, 7, 9, 14, 15, 22
Bittium reticulatumMed. & E. A.2–10/AR2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 13, 14, 22
Cerithium lividulumMed.1–5/RS6
Cerithium renovatumMed.1–5/RS2, 5, 7
Cerithium rupestreMed.1–5/RS6
Cerithium vulgatumMed.1–5/MS4, 6, 8, 14, 22
Alvania amatiiE. Med.1–3/ARS2
Alvania asperaE. Med.1–3/ARS2
Alvania beaniMed. & E. A.1–3/ARS15
Alvania cimexMed.1–3/ARS2, 4, 14
Alvania colossophilusE. Med.1–3/ARS9, 14
Alvania discorsMed.1–3/ARS2, 4, 15, 22
Alvania fractospiraE. Med.1–3/ARS22
Alvania hallgassiMed.1–3/ARS2, 5
Alvania lacteaMed. & E. A.1–3/ARS7
Alvania mamillataMed.1–3/ARS2
Alvania rudisMed.1–3/ARS2
Alvania testaeM Med.1–3/ARS14
Manzonia crassaMed. & E. A.1–3/ARS2
Rissoa gueriniMed. & E. A.1–3/A2
Rissoa labiosaMed. & E. A.1–3/A2
Rissoa monodontaMed.1–3/A2
Rissoa scurraMed.1–3/A7
Rissoa similisMed. & S. Po.1–3/A5
Rissoa variabilisMed. & E. A.1–3/A2, 5
Rissoina bruguieriMed. & E. A.1–3/A2, 5, 7
Setia speciesUnknown7
Caecum tracheaMed. & E. A.2–250/S2, 14
Tornus subcarinatusMed. & E. A.1–3/RS6, 14
Petaloconchus glomeratusMed. & E. A.1–20/MS14
Vermetus granulatusMed.1–5/R7
Vermetus triqueterMed.1–5/R14
Turritella communisMed. & E. A.10–200/MS2, 6, 9, 15, 18, 20
Capulus ungaricusMed. & E. A.5–850/R2
Persististrombus latusWest Africa2–15/S6, 7, 8, 22
Erosaria spurcaMed. & E. A.1–100/R6
Luria luridaMed. & E. A.1–60/RS6
Euspira nitidaMed. & E. A.2–200/S5
Notocochlis dillwyniiMed. & E. A.1–25/S4, 15
Neverita josephiniaMed.1–30/S2
Semicassis granulatum undulatumMed. & E. A.1–80/S2, 3
Cabestana cutaceaMed. & E. A.10–60/MS6, 22
Cymatium parthenopeumMed. & E. A.10–30/MRS5
Bursa granularis s.l.West Africa5–20/R6
Strobiligera brychiaMed. & E. A.1–3/AS5
Cerithiopsis diademaMed.1–3/AS9
Cerithiopsis minimaMed.1–3/AS4
Cerithiopsis speciesUnknown7
Dizoniopsis bilineataMed.1–3/AS5
Vitreolina levantinaE. Med.1–3/P9
Vitreolina philippiiMed.1–3/P5
Hexaplex trunculusMed. & S. Po.1–130/MRS2, 5, 6, 21, 22
Ocinebrina edwardsiMed. & E. A.0.5–5/RS2
Stramonita haemastomaMed. & E. A.1–10/R22
Pollia dorbignyiMed.0–2/R5, 8
Pollia scabraMed.1–60/R5
Engina leucozonaMed.1–37/R5
Pisania striataMed.0.5–5/R6
Columbella rusticaMed. & E. A.1–37/AR2, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 22
Mitrella gervilliiMed.2–90/AR14
Nassarius cuvieriiMed. & E. A.2–8/M4, 5
Nassarius louisiE. Med.1–5/M2, 14
Nassarius mutabilisMed. & E. A.1–5/M5
Nassarius nitidusMed. & E. A.1–5/M8, 9
Fasciolaria lignariaMed.1–8/R5, 11
Volvarina mitrellaMed. & E. A.1–100/A2
Mitra corniculaMed. & E. A.1–40/RS15
Mitra speciesUnknown2
Pusia littoralisE. Med.1–5/ARS2, 8
Conus mediterraneusMed. & S. Po.0.5–25/RS2, 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 22
Conus ermineusWest Africa10–20/RS6, 7
Conus speciesUnknown5, 21
Mangelia vauqueliniMed.1–5/S2
Mangiliella multilineolataMed.1–5/S2
Turridae IUnknown5
Turridae IIUnknown5
Chrysallida fenestrataMed. & E. A.1–3/P2
Chrysallida speciesUnknown2
Odostomia conoideaMed. & E. A.1–3/P2
Turbonilla species IUnknown2
Turbonilla species IIUnknown2
Ringicula auriculataMed. & E. A.6–40/?2
Ringicula conformisMed.6–20/?2
Retusa mammillataMed. & S. Po.?/MS14
Retusa truncatulaMed. & E. A.2–200/MS2, 4, 14
Retusa umbilicataMed.?/MS2
ChitonR2, 6, 7
Nuculana commutataMed. & E. A.40–200/MS2, 5
Nuculana pellaMed. & E. A.4–180/MS2
Nucula nitidosaMed. & E. A.7–250/MS2, 13, 14
Nucula sulcataMed. & E. A.10–400/MS2
Arca noaeMed. & E. A.1–120/R2, 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 18, 22
Arca tetragonaMed. & E. A.5–120/R2
Barbatia barbataMed.2–280/R2, 4
Striarca lacteaMed. & E. A.1–130/R14
Glycymeris bimaculataMed.5–20/MS2, 4, 5, 16
Glycymeris pilosaMed.9–90/MS4, 5, 9, 14
Glycymeris nummariaMed.20–65/MS2, 5, 6, 9, 18
Glycymeris spec.Unknown1, 3
Lithophaga lithophagaMed.1–100/R5, 6, 7
Pinna nobilisMed.4–60/MS13
Aequipecten opercularisMed. & E. A.4–400/MS6
Chlamys brueiMed. & E. A.5–2000/MS6
Manupecten pesfelisMed. & E. A.10–250/R19
Mimachlamys variusMed. & E. A.1–80/R6, 13, 18
Pecten jacobaeusMed.25–250/MS2, 3, 6, 10, 13, 18, 20
Proteopecten glabraMed. & Po.6–900/MRS13
Pseudamussium clavatumMed. & E. A.5–1400/M22
Spondylus gaederopusMed.5–50/R5, 6, 7, 11, 13, 14, 16, 20
Lima limaMed. & E. A.3–100/R2, 5
Limaria inflataMed. & E. A.2–10/MRS14
Ostrea edulisMed. & E. A.1–90/R2, 5, 6, 14, 19, 22
Ostrea speciesUnknown1, 3, 14
Ostreola stentinaMed.1–90/R2, 5
Goodalli triangularisMed. & E. A.?/MS2, 14
Ctena decussataMed. & E. A.2–10/MS2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14
Loripes lucinalisMed. & E. A.3–150/MS2, 13, 22
Lucina borealisMed. & E. A.3–500/MS9
Lucinella divaricataMed. & E. A.2–60/MS2, 5
Tellimya ferruginosaMed. & E. A.?/RS2
Chama gryphoidesMed. & E. A.2–200/R6, 7, 16
Cardita calyculataMed. & E. A.2–200/RS2, 4
Cardites antiquataMed.2–40/RS2, 5, 6, 9, 13, 14
Glans aculeataMed. & E. A.10–200/RS7
Glans trapeziaMed. & E. A.2–75/RS2, 4, 7, 14
Pteromeris corbisMed.?2
Acanthocardia tuberculataMed. & E. A.2–100/MS2, 5, 9, 13
Cerastoderma glaucumMed. & E. A.1–5/MS22
Laevicardium crassumMed. & E. A.5–180/MS5
Laevicardium oblongumMed. & E. A.5–250/MS14
Plagiocardium papillosumMed. & E. A.1–60/MS14, 15
Mactra stultorumMed. & E. A.1–60/MS2
Spisula subtruncataMed. & E. A.3–200/MS18
Peronaea planataMed. & E. A.2–20/S5
Peronidia nitidaMed.1–8/S13
Tellinella pulchellaMed.3–6/S13
Donax trunculusMed. & E. A.1–6/S2, 22
Donax venustusMed.1–6/S14
Gastrana fragilisMed. & E. A.2–5/M6
Callista chioneMed. & E. A.5–180/S18
Chamalea gallinaMed.5–20/S22
Clausinella brongniartiiMed.8–500/S2
Dosinia lupinusMed. & E. A.2–200/MS2, 13
Paphia rhomboidesMed. & E. A.2–180/S13
Pitar rudisMed. & E. A.3–80/S5
Ruditapes decussatusMed. & E. A.3–8/S2
Timoclea ovataMed. & E. A.4–200/S2
Venus verrucosusMed. & E. A.2–100/S2, 5, 7, 14, 15
Sphenia binghamiMed. & E. A.8–65/R2
Corbula gibbaMed. & E. A.6–250/MS2, 6
Hiatella arcticaMed. & E. A.3–1400/R14
Antalis entalisNE Atlantic6–3200/MS5
Antalis inaequicostataMed.5–130/MS2, 6, 9, 13, 15
Antalis vulgareMed. & E. A.1–50/MS2, 4, 5, 9, 14, 15
BarnaclesUnknown18, 21
BrachiopodsUnknown2
CoralsUnknown3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 14, 18, 19, 20
CrabsUnknown5
PolychaetesUnknown18
  • *General distribution: Med., Mediterranean; E.A., eastern Atlantic; NW Af., NW Africa; NE Atlantic, NE Atlantic; S. Po., southern Portugal.

  • Bottom habitat: A., algae; M., mud; P., parasitic; R., rock/shells; S., sand.

  • In 20 of the 22 sites, molluscs were sampled and studied, and they contained at least 176 different taxa. In addition, some remains of barnacles, brachiopods, corals, crabs and polychaetes were encountered.

  • Persististrombus latus, Bursa granularis and Conus ermineus are of West African origin and no longer live in the Mediterranean Sea.