Table 2.

Strategic operational uses of distributed groundwater models

Business areaLegal and regulatory drivers
Strategic Water Resources PlanningEU Water Framework Directive
Catchment water abstraction management strategies (CAMS)
Addressing historic over-abstraction (restoring sustainable abstraction, RSA)EU Habitats Directive Review of Consents)
Periodic Review (including National Environment Programme)
Operational ManagementAbstraction licensing
Water availability forecasts
MonitoringAsset management of monitoring network
Monitoring network design
Groundwater qualityFramework for groundwater quality investigations
Groundwater protection zones
Nitrate directive
Contaminated land