Table 1.

Facies description of the different lithologies from Aşağiyaylabel (AS) and Karapinar (KA)

FaciesBed Thickness & GeometryBiogenic ComponentsRock-Classification
AS IAS IVKA IKA IIKA IV
In situ corals70 cm massive light-grey limestone>1.8 m massive light-grey limestonein situ corals, crinoids and rare ammonoidsCoral bafflestone
Shallow-water limestone50 cm thick light-grey massive limestone50–200 cm thick light-grey massive limestone60 cm massive light-grey limestone bearing breccias200 cm thick light-grey massive limestoneAbundant grains encrusted by cyanobacteria together with common megalodontid bivalves and echinoderm fragmentsBioclastic grainstone
Cipit-like boulders8.1 m mixed carbonate blocks embedded within reworked material8.1 m mixed carbonate blocks embedded within reworked materialUp to metre-sized patch reef blocks, Cipit boulders, small ammonoid-coquina and filaments,Debris flow deposits
Bedded limestones with Kasimlarceltites5–30 cm thick dark-grey limestone beds with wavy surface, stylolithic structures and calcite cleavages5–45 cm thick dark-grey limestone beds with wavy surface2–14 cm thick bedded dark-grey limestone beds with wavy surface12–20 cm thick dark-grey limestone beds with wavy surface and calcite cleavagePelsparitic matrixPelagic wackestone/ammonoid- floatstone
Bedded limestones with spherical bioturbation4–60 cm thick bedded dark-grey limestone beds bearing spherical bioturbation and calcite cleavage3–12 cm thick bedded dark-grey limestone beds bearing spherical bioturbation and yellowish residual crustsIntercalations of fine-grained allodapic layersPeloidal pack- to grainstone
Marly limestonesTectonically fissile mm–cm laminated yellowish-grey marly limestonestectonically fissile, mm–cm laminated yellowish-grey marly limestonesBioclastic wackestone
ShalesTectonically fissile (in the field of decimetre) brownish shalesThin shelled bivalves, foraminifera, ammonoids, echinoderms and bioturbationArgillaceous borrowed peloidal packstone